What are the dangers of smoking, the effects of tobacco and smoking on men, women and children?

The words "smoking" and "health" are incompatible, and the consequences can be the most irreversible, and a person of any age should know about the harms of smoking. Nicotine is a powerful toxin that gradually destroys the cells of the bronchopulmonary system and then the whole body. Therefore, realizing the great harm of smoking, it is important to finally get rid of this destructive addiction and take a number of preventive measures to eliminate toxins.

What is smoking

This bad habit is a global problem of our time, because it is rapidly "rejuvenating" every year. The number of men who smoke is constantly growing, and the female body is often characterized by such a deadly addiction. Smoking is equated with alcoholism, because in both cases a person can die from a deadly disease. Although many people in recent years have realized this problem and quit smoking, the younger generation is still eager to "try everything. "

How many harmful substances are in a cigarette

Useful information for many smokers: one cigarette contains about 4, 000 chemical compounds, 40 of which are toxic to health. These are carbon dioxide, arsenic, nicotine, cyanide, benzapyrene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, hydrocyanic acid. After spontaneous inhalation of tobacco smoke (this applies to the health of passive smokers), pathological processes in the body that provoke radioactive substances such as polonium, lead, bismuth also predominate. This chemical composition only harms tobacco.

What is harmful smoking

If the chemicals in cigarettes enter the body for a long time, they can be fatal to humans. Each year, thousands of people die at a relatively young age from destructive addiction, and more are prone to chronic cough, bronchitis, obstructive pulmonary disease, and other diseases with unpredictable clinical outcomes. Therefore, it is important to treat tobacco addiction and its consequences in a timely manner.

broken cigarettes and the harm of smoking

Harm of smoking to the human body

During long-term exposure to nicotine, all internal organs and systems suffer, because in smokers, the blood is enriched with toxins, not oxygen. This pathological condition predominates in atherosclerosis, which is the main cause of most cardiovascular diseases. However, health problems do not end there, addictions only help to reduce intellectual abilities.

For men

The first step is to note that nicotine can negatively affect the potential of the stronger sex. Men who smoke for a long time do everything to cope with erectile dysfunction before the age of 40. This is a tragedy for a full life and an active member of the stronger sex, so you should not expose your body to these pathologies. In addition to heart disease, there may be health problems:

  • Chronic bronchitis;
  • pneumonia;
  • BPH;
  • tissue oxygen starvation (hypoxia);
  • tuberculosis;
  • progressive retinal dystrophy;
  • decreased visual acuity, hearing;
  • deterioration of the appearance and structure of the skin;
  • exacerbation of neurological diseases;
  • chronic cough;
  • gradual jaundice, destruction of tooth enamel;
  • malignant tumors.

For women

These pathologies are partially characteristic of the female body, if the fair sex smokes. Nicotine in high concentrations causes chronic forms of bronchitis, emphysema, does not rule out the presence of diagnosed infertility. Smoking gradually kills, but first turns the woman into a disabled person. If we talk about diseases of the respiratory tract, nicotine is not limited to such a pathological process. Smoking is harmful to the body on a large scale, and the clinical pictures that occur here:

  • nicotine helps to lower in early pregnancy;
  • the presence of a protracted cough in the smoker becomes the norm of daily life;
  • smoking increases the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke;
  • adverse effects spread on the skin, promote aging;
  • there is a change in the timbre of the voice, constantly worried about a dry cough;
  • smoking can cause lung cancer;
  • nicotine can cause deep depression;
  • smoking causes recurrent mental disorders;
  • under the influence of nicotine, the gastric vessels become pathologically narrowed, peristalsis is impaired;
  • Smoking seriously damages the structure of nails, hair and teeth.
the appearance of a smoker and a non-smoker

For the child's body

Adolescents also "smoke" without understanding how they may suffer from the negative effects of nicotine in the future. Smoking increases the risk of developing chronic diseases, and the health consequences can be the most irreparable - death from lung cancer at a relatively young age. Alcohol and smoking cause the following pathologies in adolescents:

  • smoking reduces intellectual abilities, significantly impairs psychomotor functions;
  • the consequences of smoking for the student are accompanied by the risk of diseases of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems;
  • the harm of smoking becomes the main cause of cancer, not only in the bronchopulmonary system, but also in the formation of tumors;
  • if a teenager is addicted to such a drug, the consequences affect the physical and mental state;
  • Bad habits disrupt metabolism, increase body weight, contribute to the development of obesity.

Diseases caused by smoking

Understanding how smoking affects the human body, it is important to know all the existing diagnoses that a smoker can personally experience at a young age. Smoking a hookah is less harmful, but also noticeable. If a person smokes regularly, he should understand that the following chronic diseases, which have the most unexpected clinical consequences, can affect him:

  • Chronic bronchitis;
  • pulmonary emphysema;
  • malignant tumor of the lung;
  • vascular atherosclerosis;
  • myocardial infarction;
  • obliterating endarteritis;
  • impotence and coldness;
  • pulmonary thromboembolism;
  • congenital deformities of the child;
  • extensive pathologies of the digestive system;
  • diagnosed infertility;
  • pneumonia.


Smoking is bad for your health and is great. With prolonged exposure, nicotine causes cell mutations, promoting the formation of malignant neoplasms. The problem is exacerbated by a genetic predisposition to such pathologies. Oncology ends in death, and a person can die at a young age. The disease causes physical and mental suffering, and the pathological process does not always stop. Therefore, it is important to explain to the child at an early age why smoking is harmful.

The harm of smoking to others

Giving up bad habits is good not only for your health but also for others. The dangers of smoking are felt by those around you and close relatives who need regular contact with the heavy smoker. Nicotine in tobacco smoke causes an increase in heart rate, arrhythmias, coughing and even severe asthma. Here are some things to be especially careful about when dealing with passive smoking:

  • risk of miscarriage (for pregnant women who smoke);
  • reduced productivity;
  • depressive condition;
  • redness, eye irritation;
  • dry throat, sweating;
  • coughing, choking attacks;
  • decrease in performance.
smoking and its health risks


The harm of smoking is obvious after the first cigarette, because there is pain in the throat, an unpleasant odor, dryness of the mucous membranes. This is just the beginning, and changes in the body may be irreversible in the future. Heavy smokers should be especially careful:

  • increase in the concentration of fatty acids and cholesterol in the blood;
  • increased risk of sudden death;
  • development of cardiac ischemia in women;
  • increased risk of atherosclerosis.


According to statistics, every year about 3, 000 people of different ages die from passive smoking. If a child has parents who smoke, then about 2, 700 newborns and children in the first year of life die of sudden death syndrome. Up to 62, 000 people die each year from extensive pathologies of the myocardium and cardiovascular system. The facts gathered are not comforting, so it is always important to remember such shocking statistics before lighting another cigarette.